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great table

(Clockwise: Jean Baptiste Tavernier, image courtesy of Wikimedia.

A drawing of the Great Table Diamond done by Tavernier in 1676; image courtesy of Wikimedia.

Replicas of the Darya-i-noor, the Noor-ul-Ain and the Great Table Diamond; image courtesy of Museum Diamonds.

Darya-i-noor; image courtesy of Pinterest.

The Noor-ul-Ain Tiara; image courtesy of Sotheby’s.)

The Great Table Diamond is mentioned by French jeweler Jean-Baptiste Tavernier in 1642; in his book and he calls it by the name Diamanta Grande Table hence it was christened so. The diamond is said to have graced the imperial throne of Shah Jahan the Mughal Emperor. The belief, according to a team of expert researchers is that this diamond may have been divided into two pieces that are known famously as the Darya-i Noor and the Noor-ul-Ain.


(Clockwise: Darya-i-noor; image courtesy of Pinterest.

Persian miniature portrait of Nader Shah 1743; image courtesy of Pinterest.

Naser al-Din Shah Qajar; image courtesy of Pinterest.)

Darya-i-noor, Persian for Sea of Light, is a diamond that was mined from Kollur in the Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh during the 1700s. It is by far, one of the largest diamonds in the world, table cut, pale pink in colour weighing 186 carats (37.2 g). The Darya-i-noor belonged in the treasury of the Mughal Emperor but was taken along with other famed jewels by Iranian invader Nader Shah in the 1700s. Eventually it was passed down the line till it was lost to Mohammad Khan Qajar, of the Qajar dynasty of Iran. Naser al-Din Shah Qajar was said to favour the jewel and apparently, he wore it quite often. Ever since then it has been a part of their treasury. The diamond is mounted on a frame studded by 457 smaller diamonds and 4 rubies and it is now part of Iran’s Imperial Crown Jewels Collection.

noor i ain

(Clockwise: Farah Diba Last Empress Of Iran with the Noor-ul-Ain Diamond Tiara; image courtesy of Pinterest.

Empress of Iran Farah Pahlavi (Farah Diba) is pictured sitting beside her husband Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi; image courtesy of Pinterest.

The Noor-ul-Ain Tiara; image courtesy of Sotheby’s.)

The Noor-ul-Ain, meaning ‘Light of the Eye’, is a pale pink oval cut brilliant diamond, weighing approximately 60 carats (12 g) now. It originated from the Kollur mines in the Guntur district. The diamond is currently the centrepiece of the imperial tiara designed by Harry Winston for the Empress of Iran Farah Pahlavi (Farah Diba) on the occasion of her wedding to Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.  It is set in platinum and is surrounded by pink yellow and white diamonds, 324 of them in all. It is currently a part of the Iranian Imperial Crown Jewels Collection.