If you would, so kindly, follow us (hypothetically speaking) down to the southern part of India, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana specifically, we could begin to talk about the treasure trove of valuable stones that the region has birthed.
(Image of the map of Andhra Pradesh, courtesy of mapsofindia.com)
What we have here are famous diamonds that have lent said fame to Golconda (the well-known citadel located in Hyderabad, the capital of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana) and are popularly known as the Golconda Diamonds. In fact (as per the word of Historians) diamonds were never actually found in the rough in the Golconda area but were discovered in mines located in the districts of Krishna and Guntur (along the Coastal Andhra line).
Apparently, Historians say that Golconda used to serve as the capital of the medieval sultanate of the Qutb Shahi dynasty at one point; as a result, the movement of said diamonds was reportedly, to and from Golconda. Hence, the popular name; Golconda Diamonds.
Historians report the existence of a number of diamond mines that were located in the coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema regions, namely Kollur (in the Guntur district) and Paritala (in the Krishna district). The Qutb Shahis and Nizams profited greatly from the mining of these stones during their reign. Krishna valley, alongside the river Krishna is said to be an area rich in Kimberlite. Kimberlite is an igneous rock which has been known to contain diamonds in the rough. So far, several private companies are also currently working in the Krishna alluvial areas which experts have claimed have a high potential where diamonds are concerned because of the kimberlite reserves which have produced some of the world’s best diamonds in the past.
(Image of a Kimberlite diamond, courtesy of thermofisher.com)
Some of those diamonds are the Koh-i-noor, the Hope Diamond, the Regent/Pitt Diamond, The Orlov Diamond, the Great Moghul Diamond, the Nizam Diamond, and the Dresden Green Diamond among quite a few others.
(Sketches of the Kohinoor and Regent from circa 1860, courtesy of cnn.com)
More about these diamonds in the next post. Stay tuned gentlefolk!